What Peru is Famous For: From Machu Picchu to Ceviche, Exploring the Landmarks and Delights of Peru

Ever thought about the rich culturebreathtaking landmarks and tantalizing cuisine that makes Peru famous? This South American gem is home to a myriad of unique attractions like Machu Picchu, the Colca Canyon and has garnered global acclaim for its mouth-watering dish called Ceviche.

Our comprehensive guide on what Peru is famous for will take you on an exciting journey through Peru’s renowned spots, offering insider tips on how to make your tourist experience unforgettable. Interested yet? Let’s set off on this Peruvian adventure!

Need Quick & Easy Trip Planning? We Can Help..

Peru Travel Tips

Free Itineraries Based on your Schedule & Budget
Booking Assistance for Hotels, Flights and Transfers
24/7 Customer Support & Personal Travel Advisors

Contact Us

What Peru is Famous For Key Takeaways

  • Peru is famous for its iconic landmarks, including Machu Picchu, Colca Canyon, Rainbow Mountains, Nazca Lines, and the historic city of Cusco.
  • The culinary scene in Peru is renowned for dishes like ceviche, pisco sour, quinoa and potatoes, and chocolate.
  • Peru offers breathtaking natural wonders such as the Amazon Jungle, Lake Titicaca, sandboarding in the desert, and the Huayhuash Trek.

Iconic Landmarks of Peru

Peru is home to several iconic landmarks, including the magnificent Machu Picchu, the stunning Colca Canyon, the vibrant Rainbow Mountains, the mysterious Nazca Lines, and the historic city of Cusco.

Peru is Famous for Machu Picchu

Machu Picchu is Peru’s star landmark. This ancient Incan city rests high in the Andes Mountains. It is a sight to behold with stone paths, temples, and terraces reaching into the sky.

Many people travel to see it each year. The site tells tales of an old world and sparks wonder in all who visit. Machu Picchu keeps its past secrets well which adds to its allure for visitors from around our planet. Machu Picchu was recently voted the top attraction in South America and the Inca Trail to hike to the ruins is one of the most popular treks in the world.

Colca Canyon

Colca Canyon is one of the world’s deepest canyons and a must-visit destination in Peru. Located near the city of Arequipa, it offers breathtaking views and incredible natural beauty.

The canyon is famous for its soaring cliffs, terraced fields, and traditional Andean villages. Travelers can enjoy hiking trails that take them through stunning landscapes and encounter unique wildlife like Andean condors.

The Colca Canyon also provides opportunities for adventure activities such as white-water rafting and mountain biking. It’s a truly unforgettable experience to witness the grandeur of this magnificent natural wonder in Peru!

Rainbow Mountains

Peru is also famous for its stunning Rainbow Mountains, which showcase a vibrant display of colors. These mountains, located in the Andes, are known for their unique geological formations and striking hues caused by different mineral deposits.

What Peru is Famous For - Rainbow Mountain

It’s an incredible sight to witness as you hike through the rugged terrain and take in the natural beauty that surrounds you. The Rainbow Mountains offer a truly unforgettable experience for travelers who seek breathtaking landscapes and want to immerse themselves in the wonders of nature.”.

Nazca Lines

The Nazca Lines are a famous landmark in Peru that attracts visitors from around the world. These ancient geoglyphslocated in the Nazca Desert, consist of large-scale drawings etched into the desert floor.

Created by the Nazca people between 500 BC and 500 AD, these mysterious lines depict various animals and shapes. The purpose behind their creation remains unknown, adding to their intrigue.

To fully appreciate these impressive designs, tourists can take a flight over the area or explore them on foot from designated viewing platforms. The Nazca Lines offer an opportunity to marvel at ancient artistry and ponder their meaning.


Cusco is one of the iconic landmarks of Peru and a must-visit destination for travelers. Located in the Andean mountains, it was once the capital of the Inca Empire. Today, it offers a unique blend of Incan and Spanish colonial architecture.

Cusco’s historic center, with its narrow cobblestone streets and beautiful plazas, is a UNESCO World Heritage site. Visitors can explore ancient ruins like Sacsayhuaman and Qorikancha, as well as vibrant markets selling traditional crafts and textiles.

Cusco also serves as the gateway to Machu Picchu, with many tours departing from this bustling city. Whether you’re interested in history, culture or outdoor adventures, Cusco has something for everyone to enjoy during their visit to Peru.

Culinary Delights of Peru

Peru is known for its culinary scene, with dishes like ceviche, pisco sour, quinoa and potatoes, and chocolate being popular delicacies.


Ceviche is one of Peru’s most famous and iconic dishes. It is a delicious seafood dish made with raw fish or shellfishmarinated in citrus juice, typically lime or lemon. The acidic juices “cook” the seafood, giving it a fresh and tangy flavor.

Ceviche often includes ingredients like onions, cilantro, tomatoes, and chilies for added taste. This refreshing dish perfectly captures the flavors of Peru and is a must-try for any visitor looking to experience the country’s vibrant culinary scene.

Pisco Sour

Pisco Sour is a famous cocktail that originated in Peru and has become a symbol of the country’s culinary scene. It is made with pisco, a grape brandy, lime juice, simple syrup, and egg white.

What Peru is Famous For: Pisco Sour

The combination of sweet, sour, and frothy flavors makes it a refreshing and unique drink to try during your visit to Peru. Pisco Sour is often enjoyed as an aperitif before meals or as a social drink with friends.

It’s worth mentioning that Pisco Sour has its own national holiday in Peru on the first Saturday of February every year. So don’t miss out on trying this delicious and iconic Peruvian cocktail when you’re exploring the delights of Peru!

Quinoa and Potatoes

Peru is famous for its culinary delights, and two stars of Peruvian cuisine are quinoa and potatoes. Quinoa is a small grain-like seed that has gained popularity worldwide for its high nutritional value.

It is packed with protein, fiber, and essential vitamins and minerals. In Peru, quinoa has been cultivated for thousands of years and is a staple in many traditional dishes. Potatoes, on the other hand, have a long history in Peru dating back to the time of the Incas.

The country boasts over 5,000 different varieties of potatoes, making it an important center for potato biodiversity. From creamy mashed potatoes to crispy fried ones known as “papas fritas,” potatoes are used in numerous Peruvian dishes.


Peru is also famous for its chocolate, which is known for its high quality and unique flavors. The country’s diverse climate and rich soil provide ideal conditions for growing cacao beans, the main ingredient in chocolate.

Peruvian chocolate is often made with organic, fair trade cacao beans that are sourced from small farmers in the Amazon region. The result is a rich and smooth chocolate that showcases the natural flavors of Peru.

From dark to milk to white chocolate, there are plenty of options to satisfy any sweet tooth. Whether you’re visiting a local chocolatier or sampling a traditional hot chocolate drink, be sure to indulge in Peru’s delicious chocolate during your travels.

For more dishes that Peru is famous for read our blog post on the 10 must try foods in Peru.

Natural Wonders of Peru

Explore the breathtaking beauty of Peru’s Amazon Jungle, Lake Titicaca, sandboarding in the desert, and the Huayhuash Trek. Don’t miss out on these incredible natural wonders!

Amazon Jungle

The Amazon Jungle in Peru is a must-visit destination for nature lovers and adventure seekers. This vast rainforest is known for its incredible biodiversity, with thousands of plant and animal species calling it home.

Travelers can explore the dense jungle on guided tours, where they can spot colorful birds, playful monkeys, and unique wildlife like sloths and anacondas. In addition to experiencing the diverse flora and fauna, visitors can also learn about indigenous cultures that have lived in harmony with the rainforest for centuries.

It’s an unforgettable experience to immerse oneself in the beauty and tranquility of the Amazon Jungle while appreciating its importance as one of Earth’s most precious ecosystems.

Lake Titicaca

Lake Titicaca is one of Peru’s most famous natural wonders. It is the highest navigable lake in the world, located on the border between Peru and Bolivia. The lake has a rich history and is considered sacred by the local indigenous communities.

Visitors can take guided tours to explore its beautiful islands, such as Taquile and Amantani, where they can learn about local culture and traditions. Lake Titicaca also offers breathtaking views of the surrounding Andes Mountains and picturesque landscapes that are perfect for photography enthusiasts.

With its unique blend of natural beauty and cultural significance, Lake Titicaca should definitely be on every traveler’s bucket list when visiting Peru.

Sandboarding in the Desert

Sandboarding in the desert is a thrilling activity that allows visitors to experience the thrill of surfing on sand dunes. Peru’s desert landscapes, such as Huacachina and Paracas, are perfect for this exciting adventure.

With a board strapped to your feet, you can slide down the steep sandy slopes and feel the rush of adrenaline. Sandboarding is suitable for all levels, from beginners to experienced riders.

You can choose between standing up or going down on your belly like sledding. It’s an unforgettable experience that combines fun and breathtaking views of the desert landscape.

The sand dunes offer a unique playground where you can enjoy this exhilarating activity while surrounded by stunning natural beauty. Whether you’re looking for an adventurous activity or simply want to try something new, sandboarding in Peru’s deserts is an absolute must-do.

Huayhuash Trek

The Huayhuash Trek is a famous hiking trail in Peru, known for its stunning mountain scenery and challenging terrain. Located in the Andes Mountains, this trek takes you through picturesque valleysglacial lakes, and towering peaks.

What Peru is Famous For: Huayhuash trek

It’s a favorite among adventure seekers who want to experience the beauty of nature while pushing themselves physically. The Huayhuash Trek offers breathtaking views of snow-capped mountains and allows you to immerse yourself in the awe-inspiring landscapes of Peru.

Whether you’re an experienced hiker or looking for a new challenge, this trek is sure to leave you with unforgettable memories.

Famous People in Peru

Famous Peruvian chefs like Gastón Acurio and Virgilio Martínez have put Peru on the global culinary map, while Nobel Prize-winning author Mario Vargas Llosa has brought international recognition to Peruvian literature.

Gastón Acurio

Gastón Acurio is a famous Peruvian chef and restaurateur who has played a significant role in putting Peruvian cuisine on the global map. He is known for his passion for promoting Peruvian culture through food and has been instrumental in popularizing dishes like ceviche and causa.

Gastón Acurio’s restaurants, such as Astrid y Gastón, have gained international acclaim, earning him numerous awards and recognition. He has also worked to empower local communities by using locally sourced ingredients and supporting small-scale farmers.

Gastón Acurio’s culinary contributions have not only made Peru a top destination for food lovers but have also showcased the country’s rich gastronomic heritage to the world.

Virgilio Martínez

Peru is home to many talented chefs, but one of the most famous and well-respected is Virgilio Martínez. He has gained international recognition for his innovative approach to Peruvian cuisine.

As the owner of Central, a renowned restaurant in Lima, he showcases Peru’s diverse ingredients and culinary traditions. Martínez is known for his commitment to sustainability and preserving indigenous ingredients from different regions of Peru.

His passion for exploring the country’s biodiversity has led him to create unique dishes that reflect the flavors and stories of each specific ecosystem. With his dedication to showcasing Peru’s rich culinary heritage, Virgilio Martínez continues to elevate Peruvian cuisine on a global scale.

Mario Vargas Llosa

Mario Vargas Llosa is a famous Peruvian writer and Nobel laureate. His works have made significant contributions to literature, both in Peru and internationally. Known for his captivating storytelling and vivid descriptions, Vargas Llosa’s novels often explore themes of identity, politics, and social issues.

Some of his notable works include “The Feast of the Goat,” “Aunt Julia and the Scriptwriter,” and “The War of the End of the World.” Vargas Llosa’s literary achievements have earned him numerous awards and accolades, establishing him as one of Peru’s most celebrated authors.

Other Things Peru is Famous For

Andean Animals

Peru is home to a diverse range of Andean animals, adding to the country’s natural wonders. In the Andes Mountains, you can spot llamas and alpacas grazing in the high-altitude landscapes.

These furry creatures are not only adorable but also play an important role in Peruvian culture and textiles. Another iconic animal is the vicuña, which produces some of the finest wool in the world.

Keep your eyes open for the majestic condor soaring through the skies above Peru’s deep canyons. These impressive birds are considered sacred by indigenous communities. Exploring Peru’s natural habitats gives you a chance to encounter these unique Andean animals up close and witness their beauty firsthand.

Textiles and Peruvian Culture

Peruvian culture is known for its vibrant textiles, which reflect the country’s rich history and indigenous heritage. Traditional weaving techniques have been passed down through generations, creating intricate patterns and designs that tell stories of Peru’s past.

The colorful fabrics are often used to make clothing, accessories, and home decor items. Textiles play a significant role in Peruvian festivals and celebrations, with locals proudly showcasing their unique garments during these events.

Travelers can visit local markets or workshops to learn about the art of textile making and even purchase handmade pieces as souvenirs. It is an opportunity to appreciate the craftsmanship and creativity that goes into each piece of fabric, while also supporting local artisans and preserving this important aspect of Peruvian culture.

Peru has made a significant impact in popular culture, attracting travelers and inspiring artists around the world. One of the most well-known aspects is its ancient ruins, especially Machu Picchu.

This iconic site has been featured in movies like “Indiana Jones” and “The Motorcycle Diaries,” bringing attention to Peru’s rich history and Inca civilization. Additionally, the Nazca Lines have sparked curiosity and mystery among people worldwide, with their intricate geoglyphs etched into the desert floor.

Peru’s vibrant culinary scene has also gained popularity globally. Ceviche, a traditional Peruvian dish made with fresh fish or seafood marinated in citrus juice, is now enjoyed by food lovers everywhere.

Beyond Machu Picchu: Custom Experiences in Peru

Apart from the iconic Machu Picchu, Peru offers a variety of custom experiences for travelers to explore. In addition to visiting famous landmarks like Cusco and Lake Titicaca, you can immerse yourself in Peruvian culture by participating in activities such as textile weaving workshops, traditional cooking classes, or even hiking through remote Andean villages.

The country’s diverse landscapes also provide opportunities for outdoor adventures like trekking in the Huayhuash range or exploring the vibrant wildlife of the Amazon rainforest. With its rich history and vibrant culture, Peru has something unique to offer every traveler beyond just Machu Picchu.


Peru is a country that has captivated the world with its iconic landmarksdelicious cuisinenatural wonders, and rich culture. From the awe-inspiring ruins of Machu Picchu to the mouth-watering flavors of ceviche, Peru offers an unforgettable experience for travelers.

Whether you’re exploring ancient civilizations or indulging in the vibrant culinary scene, Peru has something for everyone. So pack your bags and get ready to embark on an adventure in this incredible South American destination!

What Peru is Famous For FAQ

What is Peru famous for?

Peru is famous for many things, including the Incan ruins of Machu Picchu, Sacred Valley attractions, delicious ceviche and Pisco sour cocktail.

What are some noteworthy places to visit in Peru?

Major tourist attractions in Peru include the imperial city of Cusco, mysterious Nazca Lines geoglyphs in the desert, and Lake Titicaca- highest navigable lake around.

Can one explore nature in Peru?

Yes! The Peruvian Amazon offers a deep dive into wildlife; you can also peep into Colca Canyon – one of the world’s deepest canyons while there.

Where else can tourists go when visiting Peru?

Tourists could visit Huacachina and Paracas or take boat tours to the Islas Ballestas while experiencing Peru tourism. Other locations include The Andes near Huaraz and the Amazon in Puerto Maldonado.

Are Kings part of Peruvian history?

Yes! The imperial city shows signs of past ages where the Inca Emperor ruled over what was once a great empire.

About the Author

Founder of Karikuy, an organization in Peru that brings travelers to visit and explore the country. Julio also runs the Karikuy Volunteer program and is the editor of this blog. Julio likes to write about his adventures in Peru as well as Peruvian folklore, mysteries and secluded locations.

Leave a Reply

Proceed Booking